About a century ago, Chen Duxiu, one of the founders of the Comm
unist Party of China, called for the people to use science to save the country from the dark ages. Scie
nce was also widely encouraged during the May Fourth Movement in 1919, a campaign that opposed im
perialism and feudalism, thus changing the trajectory of contemporary Chinese history.
Despite its relatively late introduction, modern science has taken root, flourished and intertwined with the fate of th
is ancient nation. Scientific knowledge, along with the attitude, methods, ideas and spirit, are not only aff
ecting people’s day-to-day decisions, but are also driving the socioeconomic development of China and the world.
These facts will be more apparent this year as we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of
China. The Chinese Academy of Sciences will also celebrate its 70th birthday in November.